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5 Ethical Hacking Careers (With Duties, Salaries and Tips)
Ethical hackers protect a company's sensitive information by installing security measures within a company's devices and network. These professionals can work in several industries, including finance, government and IT industries, to keep valuable data safe. If you want to pursue a rewarding technology job, reviewing various ethical hacking careers may be useful for you. In this article, we explain what ethical hacking careers are and provide a list of jobs that you may pursue in this field.

What are ethical hacking careers?
Ethical hacking careers involve discovering the weaknesses and vulnerabilities in a network and then using that knowledge to fix those faults. Professionals in these roles may use malicious hacking techniques like malware, phishing and ransomware to break into a system and then make a report of findings for IT managers. Ethical hackers are different from black-hat hackers, which are individuals who hack systems to take information and money. The goal of an ethical hacker is to protect a company's information from data breaches or hacks.Related: 

Where can ethical hackers work?
Ethical hackers have the opportunity to work in a variety of industries to enhance a company's cybersecurity. They may work as a member of a company's IT department or they can work as a freelance professional that provides consultation and cybersecurity services. Here are some places where ethical hackers can work:

Financial companies
Financial companies may hire a professional in the ethical hacking field to keep their client's personal information and finances safe. They may require these professionals to implement strong security measures that keep hackers from gaining clients' account information, like their account numbers and passwords. Ethical hackers may follow national requirements that regulate the measures that banks use to their client's information safe.Related: 

Government agencies
Ethical hackers can work for government agencies to help secure nationally confidential information against theft and terrorism. These hackers often require government security clearances to work for a government agency, which generally involves filling out a questionnaire, providing fingerprints, completing an in-person interview, taking part in a background check and providing interviews with family members or friends. Then, ethical hackers may check various networks to discover any potential information breaches that may affect the government.Related: 


Some IT companies perform ethical hacking and cybersecurity consulting as a service for other companies or government agencies. Professionals in ethical hacking can provide in-depth knowledge about security breaches and updated software. They may also train employees at an IT company on data security and black-hat hacking techniques that they can keep in mind while performing IT work.

Other companies
Typically, any organisation that has a web presence or stores customer data can employ a professional to perform ethical hacking. Since black-hat hackers can try to access any websites, storage or network to gather sensitive data, it's important that all companies have an ethical hacking professional to install the proper security measures. At smaller companies, IT departments may combine positions and ethical hacking might be part of the duties of someone with many other cybersecurity responsibilities.
5 ethical hacking jobs
Here are some careers in ethic hacking that you can consider pursuing:
1. Security consultant
Find security consultant jobsNational average salary: $132,273 per yearPrimary duties: A security consultant is responsible for using technology to assess a company's security and risks. They may provide company leaders with information about secure networks to lower the chance of a hack or information breach. They often perform a network scan to identify any weaknesses within an organisation's existing network, and they may discover any black-hat hackers within the network that have access to important data. Security consultants may check a company's network routinely to check for any hacks or data breaches. They also implement secure network log-in procedures, which involve authentication protocols for team members.Related: How to Become a Security Consultant (With Duties and Skills)

2. Information security analyst
Find information security analyst jobsNational average salary: $99,787 per yearPrimary duties: Information security analysts are technology professionals that are responsible for protecting a company's data from viruses, hackers or cyber-attacks. They install security software to prevent hackers from gaining access to a company's systems. They may update these systems regularly with firewall protection programs. Before implementing new software, they discover a workplace's network vulnerabilities. Then, they can install the proper security measures based on a company's security needs. Information security analysts also teach employees about the potential risks of data breaches and information hacks. They also assist employees with handling security issues in their systems.

3. Penetration tester
Find penetration tester jobsNational average salary: $115,192 per yearPrimary duties: A penetration tester is responsible for identifying security risks for a business's networks. These testers often use hacking software to discover vulnerabilities in their workplace's network, which may help them determine which areas of the network require increased security. They may also perform penetration testing on a company's mobile devices, operating systems and other IT equipment. Penetration testers conduct risk analyses to determine which software may have the highest risk of a security breach. They can write detailed reports of their findings to share with a company's IT team.

4. Security engineer
Find security engineer jobsNational average salary: $112,590 per yearPrimary duties: A security engineer is responsible for building technology to keep organisations safe from hacks. They often identify existing security systems to find areas of improvement to enhance a company's safety. They may develop a network's architecture or security measures to lower the risk of a data breach. Security engineers may create systems that have enhanced data security, including updated password requirements and security updates. As technology develops, security engineers can update a company's technology to feature the most recent security advances. After building security software, they may use a hacking system to test the software's vulnerability.Related: How to Become a Security Engineer (Step-by-Step Guide)
5. IT security specialist
Find IT security specialist jobsNational average salary: $109,912 per yearPrimary duties: IT security specialists are responsible for lowering a company's security risks within its network and systems. They may design and maintain safety measures that meet a company's security needs. They also develop data recovery plans in the case of a data breach or hack. These specialists integrate new security software into a company's systems. They run network tests to check for additional security measures that an organisation may require, including firewall protection, password requirements and antivirus programs.
Tips for starting a career in ethical hacking

Here are some tips that you may use to help you start your career in ethical hacking:
Strengthen your skill set
By having a diverse skill set, you may be able to provide your workplace with enhanced security strategies. You can expand your skills by learning several programming languages in detail and practising these skills regularly. Individual classes at the collegiate level can help you develop these skills whether you're in a full-time computer science degree program or not.While growing your ethical hacking skills, try to focus on your communication abilities. As an ethical hacker, you might explain threats and fixes to executives or other employees who aren't familiar with cybersecurity concepts. Spoken communication skills can help you effectively describe threats. Written communication skills are useful since you may write internal reports or detailed external reports so that others can fix the vulnerabilities you find.

Grow your network
Growing your network is a great way to learn about job opportunities in ethical hacking and advance your cybersecurity career. To expand your network, you might join an online community to build your knowledge and meet other hackers. These communities offer hacking challenges, events and even rewards. You might consider joining the EC Council for Australia, which is a society for professionals in ethical hacking and information systems. Some ethical hackers make their living working freelance for members of their network, where they can receive compensation from individual companies for providing cybersecurity consultation.Related: Benefits of Networking Skills and How to Develop Them

Stay up to date on advancements
As a professional hacker, it's important to stay up to date with technological developments and techniques. By using the latest hacking methods professionally, you can make sure you're aware of any programs that black-hat hackers may use to infiltrate your workplace's network. You may also provide the most recent information to your team members regarding hacking and security.Salary figures reflect data listed on Indeed Salaries at time of writing. Salaries may vary depending on the hiring organisation and a candidate's experience, academic background and location. Please note that none of the companies mentioned in this article are affiliated with Indeed.

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